Alaska Gold Rush History & Genealogy

AKA Slate Creek

In the Yukon river region. Coldfoot was Established about 1899 on the east bank of the Middle Fork of the Koyukuk River. Located 57.6 miles north of the Arctic Circle. in the foothills of the Brooks Range, northern Yukon Basin.

1899 the town was a mining camp named Slate Creek, and around 1900 got its present name when a prospector going up the nearby Koyukuk River got "cold feet" and turned around. . In 1901 Northern Commercial Company and William Plummer opened stores. In 1902 Coldfoot had two roadhouses, two stores, seven saloons, a gambling house and ten prostitutes. Most productive area creeks were Myrtle, Gold .and Emma (Source p. 39). A post office operated from 1902 to 1912 .

From the 1909 Alaska Aliminac: Coldfoot is the headquarters of the commissioner for Koyukuk district. Gold was discovered on the Koyukuk in 1899 and while no great amount of the metal has come out in any one year the aggregate entitles the Koyukuk diggings to rank among the important gold regions of Alaska During the past few years about 300 miners and traders have lived in this region but the number will be greatly augmented this year as recent discoveries on tributaries of the Koyukuk give promise of a greater gold yield than heretofore The total gold product of this part of Alaska during the past ten years is more than $1,500,000.This was the northern-most extent of Alaska's gold rushes. Small strikes led to short-lived mining camps at Beaver City, Dillman Creek and Coldfoot, The community was abandond in 1912 as miners rushed north to a new strike in Wiseman. (Source)


Streams in Coldfoot Area of the Koyukuk region

Slate Creek, 1 km (1 mile)
Rosie Creek, 8 km (5 miles)
Hungarian Creek, 18 km (11 miles)
Rock Creek, 22 km (14 miles)
Horse Creek, 24 km (15 miles)
Glacier River, 24 km (15 miles)
Winnie Creek, 28 km (17 miles)
Keating Creek, 29 km (18 miles)
Alder Creek, 29 km (18 miles)
Grayling Creek, 39 km (24 miles)
Squaw Creek, 49 km (30 miles)
Scofield Creek, 53 km (33 miles)
Trail Creek, 68 km (42 miles)
Suckik Creek, 69 km (43 miles)
John River, 74 km (46 miles)
Timber Creek, 74 km (46 miles)
Tobin Creek, 78 km (49 miles)
Hardpac Creek, 81 km (50 miles)
Sandcastle Creek, 82 km (51 miles)
Bonanza Creek, 83 km (52 miles)
South Twin Creek, 85 km (53 miles)
Thru Creek, 92 km (57 miles)
Sammy Creek, 94 km (58 miles)
Simplex Creek, 98 km (61 miles)
Slate Creek, 101 km (63 miles)
Rock Creek, 105 km (65 miles)
Brown Creek, 107 km (67 miles)
Your Creek, 118 km (73 miles)
Thirtytwo Mile Creek, 139 km (86 miles)
Kings Slough, 140 km (87 miles)
Kanuti Kilolitna River, 142 km (88 miles)
Alfred Creek, 147 km (91 miles)
Torment Creek, 148 km (92 miles)
Ross Creek, 149 km (93 miles)
Rogers Creek, 149 km (93 miles)
Hodzana River, 150 km (93 miles)
Ishtalitna Creek, 155 km (96 miles)
Asbestos Creek, 159 km (99 miles)
Tony Slough, 159 km (99 miles)
Jack Uheen Slough, 164 km (102 miles)
Hadweenzic River, 166 km (103 miles)

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